7. Habitat Survey


In this activity, students finally get to apply their skills of soil analysis and observation to a 1 meter by 1 meter area of the schoolyard, restoration site, or creek bank. Teams of students get down and dirty exploring the soil, vegetation, and insect life in their microhabitat. Students practice using the soil analysis tools they learned previously and also practice using field guides to identify plants and insects. Upon returning to the classroom, they compare their results with other groups to see the differences and similarities between their microhabitats. This is a superb activity to use before and after a habitat restoration project or simply to track changes in a habitat throughout the year. I used this investigation to introduce the idea of native vs. non-native species and to begin a debate about invasive species. My students really “got it” when they examined our adopted restoration area and discovered that there was a monoculture of invasive, non-native English ivy all across our site. They visited our adopted site 3-4 times throughout the year pulling ivy and planting native plants. When all was said and done, they repeated this investigation in the spring to discover exactly the magnitude of the change they made on the environment – and to find that the native plants recruited a wider variety of insects than they had seen at that site in the fall.

Habitat Restoration
 Students clearing a mat of English ivy.


Can conduct tests of soil quality. Can interpret tests of soil quality. Can identify insect, animal and plant species in the field. Can define habitat and microhabitat. Can record and interpret data in a science lab notebook. Can apply classroom knowledge to real world data.


Invasive species
Native species
Non-native species

7. Habitat Survey - Logistics

7. Habitat Survey - Background

7. Habitat Survey - Getting Ready

7. Habitat Survey - Lesson Plan

7. Habitat Survey - Assessments

7. Habitat Survey - Sources and Standards